Girl Scouts of the USA Timeline
Girl Scouts of the USA Timeline
Oct. 31, 1860 - Birth of Juliette Gordon Low, GSA Founder
1907 - Robert Baden-Powell held a camp for boys at Brown Sea Island in Dorset to test his Scouting ideas. Scouting was born.1908 - Scouting for Boys by Baden-Powell was published. Small groups of girls, undaunted by the title, started 'Scout' activities too.
Olave Baden-Powell, Princess Mary and Robert Baden-Powell
1909 - Following the creation of the Boy Scout Association, Robert Baden-Powell organized a gathering of Scouts at the Crystal Palace in London, the first Boy Scout Ralley. AThey requested that Baden-Powell offer 'something for girls too'.Robert Baden-Powell publishes "Pamphlet A: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls" and "Pamphlet B: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls". These were precursors to the Girl Guide handbook.
British Girl Guides Circa 1910's
1910 - The Girl Guides Association was formed - a separate organization for girls – lead by Agnes Baden-Powell, Robert Baden-Powell's sister. Olave Baden-Powell, Robert Baden-Powell's wife, also served in a leadership role in the founding of the Girl Guides. She eventually became the Chief Girl Guide for Britain
1911 - Juliette meets Sir Robert Baden-Powell, founder of Boy Scouts in England, and his sister, Agnes Baden-Powell founder of Girl Guides in England.
Juliette starts a Girl Guide company (troop) in the Scottish valley where she is spending the summer1912 - Agnes Baden-Powell creates the Girl Guides' first handbook. Entitled "The Handbook for the Girl Guides or How Girls Can Help to Build Up the Empire."March 12, Juliette Gordon Low establishes the first Girl Guide troop in the U.S. with 18 girls Margaret Daisy Gordon, Juliette's niece, becomes the first registered Girl Guide in America. 108 girls enrolled as members following the first troop meetingThe Tenderfoot Pin, (the trefoil), is chosen as the symbol to be used by US. Girl GuidesCamp Juliette Low is established in Georgia - only camp personally established by Juliette LowThanks Badge, an adult award, is introduced.1913 - Girl Scouts becomes the new name for Girl Guides in AmericaJessamine Link established Magnolia Troop One, the second Girl Scout troop in the United States.W.J. Hoxie prepares the first official G.S. handbook, "How Girls Can Help Their Country"June 1, National Headquarters established in Washington, D.C.1914 - Trefoil design for membership badges is patented and becomes the official membership symbol. By now, 22 proficiency badges are in existence1915 - Girl Scout membership reached 200 troops, 5,000 girlsJuliette Low sells her pearls to support the Girl Scout MovementA Constitution and Bylaws are adopted at the First National Convention held in Washington, DCJuliette Gordon Low is elected National President of the Girl Scouts, 1915-1920National membership dues of 25 cents adoptedOn June 10, 1915 the organization was incorporated as Girl Scouts, Inc. under the laws of the District of Columbia1916 - G.S. national headquarters is moved to New York CityJuliette Gordon Low introduced the Golden Eaglet of Merit Award - the highest award for girls in Girl ScoutingThe first Brownie-age troop is organized in Marblehead, Massachusetts1917 - Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, the country's First Lady, becomes the first honorary president of Girl Scouts, a tradition that continues todayEditorial Department is established at National HeadquartersThe first issue of The Rally, a monthly publication for girls and leaders beginsFirst troop of physically disabled girls in the United States is organized in New York CityThe first National Training School for Girl Scout leaders is established in BostonThe first troop for African American girls was founded in 19171918 - Design of the Girl Scout Pin to include the letters "GS"The Golden Eaglet, a feature film about Girl Scouting shown in theaters across the country
1919 - Concept of an International Council of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts beganTaps introduced at the First International Conference in Oxford EnglandThe Golden Eaglet Award replaces the Golden Eaglet of Merit Award (they were different)The Golden Eaglet, a black-and-white silent film, premiered in New York City's Fine Arts Theater on January 16th. Believed to be the first motion picture produced by a public service organizationFirst nationwide celebration of Girl Scout Week; the week beginning on the Sunday that included JGL's birthday, October 31.First Blue Book of Rules published1920 - At this time there are nearly 100 Girl Scout Councils in 11 states and the territory of Hawaii, with almost 70,000 girl members and over 3,000 troopsJuliette Low retires as President of Girl Scouts and takes the title "Founder of Girl Scouts"Anne Hyde Choate elected PresidentOctober 31 becomes known as Founders Day in Girl ScoutsFirst International Conference of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts held in EnglandThe U.S.A. introduced the song "Taps" to the Girl Guide and Girl Scout movementScouting for Girls, new handbook is published. This was the first handbook prepared by the national organization rather than by Juliette Low. It included sections on map making, sewing an American flag, and marching according to U.S. Infantry drill regulations.American Girl magazine is published, titled changed from The RallyCamp Andree Clark established as the first national Girl Scout camp, Briar Cliff Manor, NY1921 - the first American Indian troop was formed in New York State1922 - Field News, a monthly bulletin for Girl Scout leaders, began publicationLou Henry Hoover elected PresidentFirst troop for Mexican Americans was formed in Houston, Texas1923 - The name Field News changes to The Girl Scout LeaderFormal training is made a requirement for leadersDesign of the Girl Scout pin changed - the eagle's shield now had seven stars, placed in two rows and seven stripes1924 - Nov. 6 - Norman Rockwell draws Girl Scout cover for Life MagazineInternational Conference of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts held in England1925 - Sarah Louise Arnold elected President1926 - Camp Edith Macy at Briar Cliff Manor, NY is opened as a national training centerFourth International Conference held at Camp Edith Macy with representatives from 29 countries
The Girl Guides' Brownies, founded in 1914, is introduced into the United States, ages 7-9Brown Book for Brown Owls published as the first official leader's guide to program for USA Brownie Girl ScoutsMira Hoffman elected PresidentThinking Day, now World Thinking Day, ls formerly established1927 - First group of U.S. Girl Scouts goes to an international event in SwitzerlandJuliette Gordon Low diesJuliette Low Memorial Fund is established in her memory to support projects and events promoting international understandingGirl Scout handbook is revisedFirst United States Girl Scout Troops on Foreign Soil are registeredFirst celebration of Thinking Day, February 221928 - International Council is replaced by the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) is formed
1929 - At the end of the year there are over 200,000 Girl Scouts1930 - World Flag design is adoptedBirdsall Otis Edey elected PresidentFirst all-Native American Girl Scout troop registers at the Indian Boarding School in Pawnee, Oklahoma1932 - March 12 is designated as the official Girl Scouts birthdayOur Chalet opened in Adelboden, Switzerland, a gift of Mrs. Helen Storrow of Bostonfirst official African American troop in the South was founded in 1932 in Richmond, Virginia by Lena B. Watson and led initially by Lavnia Banks, a teacher from Armstrong High SchoolOn November 11, 1932, Girl Scouts baked & sold cookies for the first time in the window of the Philadelphia Gas & Electric Co. . This endeavor soon became a Philadelphia tradition.1933 - The Girl Scout handbook is transcribed in large typeJosephine Groves Holloway founded unofficial African American troops in Tennessee1934 - Mariner Scout program officially launched. By the end of 1934, 12 Mariner ships were registered and the first two handbooks, Launching a Girl Scout Mariner Ship and Charting the Course of a Girl Scout Mariner Ship were published. The Mariner Girl Scout program remains active but in a smaller form; most girls have instead joined the Sea Scouts, which has been co-ed since 1971The first documented council-wide cookie sale of commercially baked cookies, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania1935 - Lou Henry Hoover elected President1936 - Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. adopted the annual cookie sale as a national program.1937 - 25th anniversary of Girl Scouting in the United States
National and International Silver Jubilee encampment held at Camp Andree Clark; 100 girls from the USA and 26 other countries came together to celebrate
Mrs. Frederick H. Brook elected President
First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt at Girl Scout Encampment
1938 - Girl Scout membership reached one half millionGirl Scout program reorganized into three separate groups: Brownie Girl Scouts, ages 7-9, Intermediate Girl Scouts, ages 10-13 and Senior Girl Scouts ages 14-17Over 1 million boxes of Girl Scout cookies are sold1939 - The Girl Scout Chalet, a replica in miniature of Our Chalet in Switzerland, opened at the New York World's Fair. Served as a headquarters for Girl Scouts and their friends. Displayed and sold Girl Scout EquipmentOur Ark opens in London, EnglandOver 2 million boxes of Girl Scout cookies are soldMildred Mudd elected President1940 - Curved Bar award introduced. The Curved Bar was the highest award in Girl Scouting from 1940 until 1963. Open only to First Class Girl Scouts, it served as a bridge to Senior Girl Scouting. The embroidered arc patch was used at first because of metal shortage during the war. The Curved Bar pin, introduced in the fall of 1947, was used until 1963, when the award was discontinued.First Girl Scout troops for mentally and socially handicapped girls are registered (in institutions)1941 - The Wing Scout program was a Senior Girl Scout program for girls interested in flying and wanting to serve their country and ended in the 1970’s.Mrs. Allen H. Means elected President1943 - First Girl Scout calendar is produced for council fund raisersGirl Planning Conference held at Camp Edith Macy1 million m"A Million or more by 44" was the membership objective1944 - Girl Scout check for 15,430,000 hours of service given to FDRSenior members register in Girl ScoutsA Liberty Ship, "S.S. Juliette Low" of the Merchant Marines is launchedMore than 1/4 million girls go to Girl Scout camps1945 - First Lou Henry Hoover Memorial Forest is dedicated1946 - The World Badge adopted at the 11th World Conference in FranceHarriet Rankin Ferguson elected President1947 - The name of the organization officially changes to Girl Scouts of the United States of America1948 - The U.S. Postal Service issues a 3 cent commemorative stamp honoring Juliette Gordon Low. 750,000 stamps are sold in Savannah on the first day of issueDesign of the World Badge was adopted at the 12th World Conference in Cooperstown, NY1949 - WAGGGS Pin introduced in the USAAlmost 1.5 million are registered in Girl Scouts1950 - GSUSA is re-incorporated under a Congressional Charter1951 - First Brownie Girl Scout Handbook for girls is publishedNorth Atlantic Girl Scouts (NORAGS) established
Let's Go Camping 1951Courtesy ofOlivia Cameron Higgins Layton elected President1952 - Rockwood, in Potomac, Maryland dedicated as a National Girl Scout camping center (1952-1979)1953 - GSUSA purchases Juliette Gordon Low's birthplace in Savannah, GeorgiaSite of Our Cabana is acquired by WAGGGSAnnual Girl Scout week celebration is changed from October to March1956 - Juliette Gordon Low's birthplace is dedicated, October 19
First Senior Girl Scout Round-Up in Michigan: 5,000 girls attendedOne of the first desegregations, accomplished by Murray Walls in 1956, was Camp Shantituck in KentuckyMartin Luther King, Jr. described Girl Scouts as "a force for desegregation1957 - 3 million members in Girl ScoutsThe first world center for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in the Western Hemisphere , Our Cabana, opens in Cuernavaca, Mexico1958 - The Girl Scout headquarters in New York City are dedicated (not the present headquarters)Marjorie Mehne Culmer elected President1959 - Our Ark moved to Earls Court, London, EnglandColorado Springs 2nd Senior Roundup with 10,000 people in attendance1960 - Juliette Low Centennial is celebrated1962 - 50th anniversary of Girl Scouts, July 24, 1962 Burlington, VermontThe Girl Scout Rose and Brownie Girl Scout Marigold developed to honor Girl Scouts Post Office issues a 4 cent commemorative Girl Scout stamp3rd Roundup for Senior Girl Scouts is held in Vermont, 10,000 people attending1963 - Girl Scouts are divided into 4 age groups:Brownie Girl Scouts, ages 7-9Junior Girl Scouts, ages 9-11Cadette Girl Scouts, ages 12-14Senior Girl Scouts, ages 14-17Under the new program introduced in 1963, the old Intermediate Girl Scout badges were divided into two groups to fit the interests and abilities of Junior and Cadette Girl Scouts. Junior Girl Scout badges (green borders) were aimed at exploration, rather than concentration on any given skill. Cadette Girl Scout badges (yellow borders) emphasized intensive work in particular areas of specialization.Margaret W. Price elected PresidentNew handbooks and leaders' guides are publishedJunior program to include the Sign of the Arrow and the Sign of the StarOur Ark is renamed Olave HouseFirst Class was the highest award in Girl Scouting from 1963 - 1980. To receive the award, a Cadet Girl Scout had to earn several badges and meet four challenges, each of which was recognized with a pin. A challenge was a selected real-life situation designed to test a girl's ability to use knowledge and skill based on Girl Scout ideals and values1964 - First Reader's Digest Foundation Grants are provided for Senior Girl Scout troops to do community service projectsGirl Scout handbook is published in BrailleRyukyu Islands Girl Scout stamp was released to mark the 10th Anniversary of the Ryukyuan Girls Scouts. The Ryukyuan Girl Scouts were united with Japanese organization after return of the islands in 1972.1965 - Brownie handbook is published in Spanish4th Senior Roundup at Farragut, Idaho1966 - Sangam, the fourth World Center, opens in Poona, India1968 - Campus Girl Scouts becomes an official part of Girl ScoutsNational Center West, Bighorn Mountains in Wyoming is established1969 - Eco Action, a nationwide environmental education and improvement project is launchedGrace M. S. McKittrick MacNeil elected President1970 - 30 millionth member of GSUSA is registered1972 - New wording of Girl Scout Promise and Law are adoptedEight new Cadet Challenges are introduced1973 - Portrait of Juliette Low is bequeathed to the National Gallery in Washington, D.C.Brownie membership is extended to 6 year oldsBrownie B's introduced1974 - Bust of Juliette Low is placed in Georgia's Hall of Fame1975 - Over 123 million boxes of Girl Scout cookies are soldGloria Randle Scott an African American, was elected National President of the Girl Scouts1976 - More than 150 Girl Scouts, 14-17 are delegates to the National ConventionEdith Macy National Center celebrates 50th anniversary1977 - Worlds to Explore: Handbook for Brownie and Junior Girl Scouts is publishedThe Five Worlds of Interest in Girl Scouting are introducedJunior Aide patch and Bridge to Juniors are introducedDaisy The Opera Opens
1978 - Contemporary version of Girl Scout trefoil is launched as the official emblem featuring three-profile silhouettes of girls' facesFrom Dreams to Reality, a career exploration project for Cadette and Senior Girl Scouts is publishedGirl Scouts prepare to celebrate the UN's 'Year of the Child'Jane C. Shields Freeman elected President1979 - Juliette Low is inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, NYAmerican Girl magazine ceases publication1980 - The Silver Award and the Gold Award becomes the second highest and highest awards in Cadette and Senior Girl ScoutsSign of the Rainbow, Sign of the Star, Sign of the Satellite and Bridge to Cadettes introduced into the Junior Girl Scout program1982 - Girl Scouts celebrate 70th anniversaryEdith Macy Conference Center dedicatedApril 22 is established as Girl Scout Leader DayLifetime memberships are offered to adults for the first time1983 - The Juliette Gordon Low Federal Complex is opened in Savannah, Georgia. This is the second Federal building to be named after a woman.1984 - Daisy Girl Scout age level program for 5 year olds or girls in kindergarten is launchedDelegates vote to change the wording of the Girl Scout PromiseBetty Fuller Pilsbury elected President1985 - Contemporary issues resource, Tune Into Well-Being, Say No To Drugs introduced1986 - Brownie Girl Scout Try-Its are introducedContemporary issues resource, Staying Safe, Preventing Child Abuse introducedThe Sign of the World introduced into the Junior program1987 - Girl Scout 75th anniversary celebrated; theme, Tradition with a FutureThe Post Office issues a stamp to commemorate GSUSA1989 - The National Historic Preservation Center opens at National Headquarters1990 - B. LaRae Orullian elected President1991 - Earth Education programs introduced1992 - Pilot program began at the Maryland Correctional Institution for Women for the Girl Scouts Beyond Bars program1993 - The Girl Scouts of the USA voted 1,560-375 to permit individuals to substitute another word or phrase for "God" in their promise1996 - New wording for Girl Scout law is adoptedNew, separate handbooks for Cadettes and Seniors are publishedElinor Johnstone Ferdon elected President1997 - 85th anniversary of Girl ScoutsGirl Scouts from all across the United States meet on the mall in Washington, DC, to sing songs in honor of 85th anniversaryNew interest project book for Cadettes and Seniors is published, stressing community service and career exploration in every badgeGirl Scouts continues to be the largest voluntary organization for girls in the world1998 - Post Office issues a stamp honoring Girl Scouts and Boy ScoutsOver 2.5 million girls and 800,000 adult members1999 - Thursday March 11, 1999, a new honorary troop is formed consisting of women members of Congress. The event "celebrated the fact that two-thirds of all the female members of Congress serving today are former Girl Scouts."Connie L. Matsui elected President2000 - Daisy Program Revised, petals introducedBrownie Program Revised2001 - Junior Program RevisedBronze Award for Junior Girl Scouts introduced, the highest award for Junior Girl ScoutsIndependent Girl Scout are now called "Juliettes"Cadette/Senior uniforms change from royal blue to khaki, light blue blouse for Cadettes, navy blue blouse for Seniors2002 - 90th Anniversary of Girl ScoutsJackie Barnes Chief Executive OfficerCynthia B. Thompson elected President2003 - Kathy Cloninger Chief Executive Officer2004 - Girl Scouts hire Professor Willie Pietersen, from Columbia Business School, to use his expertise in business metrics "to help Girl Scouts develop a strategy to ensure our future success and growth." They used his help in setting targets and implementing ways to change the organization for the better. In addition, six "Gap Teams" looked at ways for Girl Scouting to improve their structure to prepare for future growth and success for the organization2005 - Patricia Diaz Dennis elected President2007 - 95th Anniversary of Girl Scouts2008 - Connie L. Lindsey elected PresidentAll levels were changed to have Girl Scouts as the beginning of their name, e.g. "Girl Scout Brownies" instead of "Brownie Girl Scouts", and all levels are by grade only instead of by age or grade. A new level, Girl Scout Ambassadors was created for girls in Grades 11 and 12 (around 16 to 18 years old), with Girl Scout Seniors to be only in ninth and tenth grade (around 14 to 16 years old) and grades for other levels were changed. The new levels were trialed in approximately 6 councils in Spring 2008, and began national use after 1 October 2008.
Juliette Gordon Low Video
2010 - President Barack Obama signed the "Girl Scouts of the USA Commemorative Coin Act" for the 100th Anniversary celebration. The act authorized the minting of 350,000 silver dollar coins in honor of Girl Scouts and the achievements of the 50 million women influenced by Girl Scouting during the last 100 years2011 – 99th Anniversary of Girl Scouts.2012 – 100th Anniversary was kicked off by participating in the world famous Pasadena, California Rose Parade of 2012, featuring the GSUSA 100th Anniversary float. A multi-award winning float design company donated their services to design the float, that was constructed and decorated totally by GSUSA Volunteers of all ages.
Girl Scouts Rock the Mall:100th Anniversary Sing-Along - On June 9, nearly a quarter-million girls met on the National Mall for the world's largest sing-along. Incredible performers took the stage throughout the day, leading Girl Scouts and their friends and family in new songs and old favorites. -- Image and text courtesy of girlscouts.org. For more on the 2012 Birthday Celebration click here.
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