Girl Scouts of the USA Timeline designed in Memory Juliette Gordon Low, Girl Scouts USA Founder and Eileen Alma Klos (1929-1974) Girl Scout Leader: Mother of Eight

In Memory of Eileen Alma Klos (1929-1974)
Girl Scout Leader: Mother of Eight is donated to Loyola University
for Undergraduate Research
Home News Obituary – November 1974

Mrs. Eileen A. Klos
Girl Scout Leader

Mrs. Eileen A. Klos, 45 of 6 Dobson Road, Old Bridge died yesterday at St. Peter's Medical Center, New Brunswick.

She was born in Brooklyn, New York, spent her childhood summers at the family's country home in Smallwood, Sullivan County, New York. She was the youngest daughter of the late Rudolph and Louise Alma Hundertmark.

After her marriage in 1952, she moved to the Bronx, New York. In 1956, the then pregnant mother of two, moved to Old Bridge Gardens where she remained a resident until her demise, after a five year painful battle with breast cancer. 

Eileen attended Pace and Hunter College in Manhattan and set aside her academic studies to assist her husband in obtaining his Ph. D. from Fordham University. Her work was so prodigious that the University committee endearing awarded her a Ph.T. "Pulled Husband Through" after the successful dissertation defense. 

Eileen was best known for her work as a Girl Scout Leader. Serving first as a Brownie troop leader, her work through the ranks was so outstanding that she became a regional consultant to numerous Girl Scout Chapters, including Old Bridge, in the State of New Jersey. 

She was a parishioner of St. Thomas the Apostle Church, Old Bridge, a member of the Ladies Auxiliary to the St. Thomas Knights of Columbus, and a member of the Friendly Sons of Shillelagh, Old Bridge, New Jersey.

She was a member of the St. Mary's School PTA, South River, the Democratic Party and a Middlesex County Board of Elections Board Official. 
Surviving are her husband Louis A.; two sons, Stanley, a student at Idaho State University, and James, at home; six daughters, Suzanne, a student at Montclair State College, Therese, Mary Louise, Patricia, Lucille, and Veronica Eileen all at home; one brother Gustav Hundertmark of East Williston, Long Island, New York, and one sister, Mrs Ruth Surat of Staten Island, New York. 
Funeral services will be held 8:15am Monday from the Rezem Funeral Home, Cranbury Road, East Brunswick, followed by a 9am Mass of Christian Burial in St. Thomas the Apostle Church, Old Bridge.
Internment will be in Holy Cross Burial Park, South Brunswick. 
Friends may call 7 to 9pm tomorrow and 2 to 4 and 7 to 9 pm Sunday.

Girl Scouts of the USA Timeline

Oct. 31, 1860 - Birth of Juliette Gordon Low, GSA Founder 

1907 - Robert Baden-Powell held a camp for boys at Brown Sea Island in Dorset to test his Scouting ideas. Scouting was born.
1908 - Scouting for Boys by Baden-Powell was published. Small groups of girls, undaunted by the title, started 'Scout' activities too.
Olave Baden-Powell, Princess Mary and Robert Baden-Powell

1909 - Following the creation of the Boy Scout Association, Robert Baden-Powell organized a gathering of Scouts at the Crystal Palace in London, the first Boy Scout Ralley.  A significant number of self-styled Girl Scouts attended the event seeking  to imitate their brothers and join in with the Scouting phenomenon. They requested that Baden-Powell  offer 'something for girls too'.
Robert Baden-Powell publishes "Pamphlet A: Baden-Powell Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls" and "Pamphlet B: Baden-Powell    Girl Guides, a Suggestion for Character Training for Girls". These were precursors to the Girl Guide handbook.

British Girl Guides Circa 1910's

1910  - The Girl Guides Association was formed - a separate organization for girls – lead by Agnes Baden-Powell, Robert Baden-Powell's sister.  Olave Baden-Powell, Robert Baden-Powell's wife, also served in a leadership role in the founding of the Girl Guides.  She eventually became the Chief Girl Guide for Britain

1911 - Juliette meets Sir Robert Baden-Powell, founder of Boy Scouts in England, and his sister, Agnes Baden-Powell founder of Girl Guides in England.
           Juliette starts a Girl Guide company (troop) in the Scottish valley where she is spending the summer
1912 - Agnes Baden-Powell creates the Girl Guides' first handbook. Entitled "The Handbook for the Girl Guides or How Girls Can Help to Build Up the Empire."  
March 12, Juliette Gordon Low establishes the first Girl Guide troop in the U.S. with 18 girls Margaret Daisy Gordon, Juliette's niece, becomes the first registered Girl Guide in America. 108 girls enrolled as members following the first troop meeting
The Tenderfoot Pin, (the trefoil), is chosen as the symbol to be used by US. Girl Guides
Camp Juliette Low is established in Georgia - only camp personally established by Juliette Low
Thanks Badge, an adult award, is introduced.
1913 - Girl Scouts becomes the new name for Girl Guides in America
Jessamine Link established Magnolia Troop One, the second Girl Scout troop in the United States.
W.J. Hoxie prepares the first official G.S. handbook, "How Girls Can Help Their Country"
June 1, National Headquarters established in Washington, D.C.
1914 - Trefoil design for membership badges is patented and becomes the official membership symbol. By now, 22 proficiency badges are in existence
1915 - Girl Scout membership reached 200 troops, 5,000 girls
Juliette Low sells her pearls to support the Girl Scout Movement
A Constitution and Bylaws are adopted at the First National Convention held in Washington, DC
Juliette Gordon Low is elected National President of the Girl Scouts, 1915-1920
National membership dues of 25 cents adopted
On June 10, 1915 the organization was incorporated as Girl Scouts, Inc. under the laws of the District of Columbia
1916 - G.S. national headquarters is moved to New York City
Juliette Gordon Low introduced the Golden Eaglet of Merit Award - the highest award for girls in Girl Scouting
The first Brownie-age troop is organized in Marblehead, Massachusetts
1917 - Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, the country's First Lady, becomes the first honorary president of Girl Scouts, a tradition that continues today
Editorial Department is established at National Headquarters
The first issue of The Rally, a monthly publication for girls and leaders begins
First troop of physically disabled girls in the United States is organized in New York City
The first National Training School for Girl Scout leaders is established in Boston
 The first troop for African American girls was founded in 1917
1918 - Design of the Girl Scout Pin to include the letters "GS"
The Golden Eaglet, a feature film about Girl Scouting shown in theaters across the country

Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

1919 - Concept of an International Council of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts began
Taps introduced at the First International Conference in Oxford England
The Golden Eaglet Award replaces the Golden Eaglet of Merit Award (they were different)
The Golden Eaglet, a black-and-white silent film, premiered in New York City's Fine Arts Theater on January 16th. Believed to be the first motion picture produced by a public service organization
First nationwide celebration of Girl Scout Week; the week beginning on the Sunday that included JGL's birthday, October 31.
First Blue Book of Rules published
1920 - At this time there are nearly 100 Girl Scout Councils in 11 states and the territory of Hawaii, with almost 70,000 girl members and over 3,000 troops
Juliette Low retires as President of Girl Scouts and takes the title "Founder of Girl Scouts"
Anne Hyde Choate elected President
October 31 becomes known as Founders Day in Girl Scouts
First International Conference of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts held in England
The U.S.A. introduced the song "Taps" to the Girl Guide and Girl Scout movement
Scouting for Girls, new handbook is published. This was the first handbook prepared by the national organization rather than by Juliette Low. It included sections on map making, sewing an American flag, and marching according to U.S. Infantry drill regulations.
American Girl magazine is published, titled changed from The Rally
Camp Andree Clark established as the first national Girl Scout camp, Briar Cliff Manor, NY
1921 - the first American Indian troop was formed in New York State
1922 - Field News, a monthly bulletin for Girl Scout leaders, began publication
Lou Henry Hoover elected President
First troop for Mexican Americans was formed in Houston, Texas
1923 - The name Field News changes to The Girl Scout Leader
Formal training is made a requirement for leaders
Design of the Girl Scout pin changed - the eagle's shield now had seven stars, placed in two rows and seven stripes
1924 - Nov. 6 - Norman Rockwell draws Girl Scout cover for Life Magazine
International Conference of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts held in England
1925 - Sarah Louise Arnold  elected President
1926 - Camp Edith Macy at Briar Cliff Manor, NY is opened as a national training center
Fourth International Conference held at Camp Edith Macy with representatives from 29 countries

Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

The Girl Guides' Brownies, founded in 1914, is introduced into the United States, ages 7-9
Brown Book for Brown Owls published as the first official leader's guide to program for USA Brownie Girl Scouts
Mira Hoffman elected President
Thinking Day, now World Thinking Day, ls formerly  established
1927 - First group of U.S. Girl Scouts goes to an international event in Switzerland
Juliette Gordon Low dies
Juliette Low Memorial Fund is established in her memory to support projects and events promoting international understanding
Girl Scout handbook is revised
First United States Girl Scout Troops on Foreign Soil are registered
First celebration of Thinking Day, February 22
1928 - International Council is replaced by the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) is formed

Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

1929 - At the end of the year there are over 200,000 Girl Scouts
1930 - World Flag design is adopted 
Birdsall Otis Edey elected President
First all-Native American Girl Scout troop registers at the Indian Boarding School in Pawnee, Oklahoma
1932 - March 12 is designated as the official Girl Scouts birthday
Our Chalet opened in Adelboden, Switzerland, a gift of Mrs. Helen Storrow of Boston
first official African American troop in the South was founded in 1932 in Richmond, Virginia by Lena B. Watson and led initially by Lavnia Banks, a teacher from Armstrong High School
On November 11, 1932, Girl Scouts baked & sold cookies for the first time in the window of the Philadelphia Gas & Electric Co.  . This endeavor soon became a Philadelphia tradition.
1933 - The Girl Scout handbook is transcribed in large type
Josephine Groves Holloway founded unofficial African American troops in Tennessee
1934 - Mariner Scout program officially launched.  By the end of 1934, 12 Mariner ships were registered and the first two handbooks, Launching a Girl Scout Mariner Ship and Charting the Course of a Girl Scout Mariner Ship were published. The Mariner Girl Scout program remains active but in a smaller form; most girls have instead joined the Sea Scouts, which has been co-ed since 1971
The first documented council-wide cookie sale of commercially baked cookies, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1935 - Lou Henry Hoover elected President
1936 - Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. adopted the annual cookie sale as a national program.
1937 - 25th anniversary of Girl Scouting in the United States

National and International Silver Jubilee encampment held at Camp Andree Clark; 100 girls from the USA and 26 other countries came together to celebrate

Mrs. Frederick H. Brook elected President

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt at Girl Scout Encampment

Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

1938 - Girl Scout membership reached one half million
Girl Scout program reorganized into three separate groups: Brownie Girl Scouts, ages 7-9, Intermediate Girl Scouts, ages 10-13 and Senior Girl Scouts ages 14-17
Over 1 million boxes of Girl Scout cookies are sold
1939 - The Girl Scout Chalet, a replica in miniature of Our Chalet in Switzerland, opened at the New York World's Fair. Served as a headquarters for Girl Scouts and their friends. Displayed and sold Girl Scout Equipment
Our Ark opens in London, England
Over 2 million boxes of Girl Scout cookies are sold
Mildred Mudd elected President
1940 - Curved Bar award introduced. The Curved Bar was the highest award in Girl Scouting from 1940 until 1963. Open only to First Class Girl Scouts, it served as a bridge to Senior Girl Scouting. The embroidered arc patch was used at first because of metal shortage during the war. The Curved Bar pin, introduced in the fall of 1947, was used until 1963, when the award was discontinued.
First Girl Scout troops for mentally and socially handicapped girls are registered (in institutions)
1941 - The Wing Scout program was a Senior Girl Scout program for girls interested in flying and wanting to serve their country and ended in the 1970’s.  
Mrs. Allen H. Means elected President
1943 - First Girl Scout calendar is produced for council fund raisers
Girl Planning Conference held at Camp Edith Macy
1 million m
"A Million or more by 44" was the membership objective
1944 - Girl Scout check for 15,430,000 hours of service given to FDR
Senior members register in Girl Scouts
A Liberty Ship, "S.S. Juliette Low" of the Merchant Marines is launched
More than 1/4 million girls go to Girl Scout camps
1945 - First Lou Henry Hoover Memorial Forest is dedicated
1946 - The World Badge adopted at the 11th World Conference in France
Harriet Rankin Ferguson elected President
1947 - The name of the organization officially changes to Girl Scouts of the United States of America
1948 - The U.S. Postal Service issues a 3 cent commemorative stamp honoring Juliette Gordon Low. 750,000 stamps are sold in Savannah on the first day of issue
Design of the World Badge was adopted at the 12th World Conference in Cooperstown, NY
1949 - WAGGGS Pin introduced in the USA
Almost 1.5 million are registered in Girl Scouts
1950 - GSUSA is re-incorporated under a Congressional Charter
1951 - First Brownie Girl Scout Handbook for girls is published
North Atlantic Girl Scouts (NORAGS) established

Let's Go Camping 1951
Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

Olivia Cameron Higgins Layton elected President
1952 - Rockwood, in Potomac, Maryland dedicated as a National Girl Scout camping center (1952-1979)
1953 - GSUSA purchases Juliette Gordon Low's birthplace in Savannah, Georgia
Site of Our Cabana is acquired by WAGGGS
Annual Girl Scout week celebration is changed from October to March
1956 - Juliette Gordon Low's birthplace is dedicated, October 19

Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

First Senior Girl Scout Round-Up in Michigan: 5,000 girls attended
One of the first desegregations, accomplished by Murray Walls in 1956, was Camp Shantituck in Kentucky
Martin Luther King, Jr. described Girl Scouts as "a force for desegregation
1957 - 3 million members in Girl Scouts
The first world center for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in the Western Hemisphere , Our Cabana, opens in Cuernavaca, Mexico
1958 - The Girl Scout headquarters in New York City are dedicated (not the present headquarters)
Marjorie Mehne Culmer elected President
1959 - Our Ark moved to Earls Court, London, England
 Colorado Springs 2nd Senior Roundup with 10,000 people in attendance
1960 - Juliette Low Centennial is celebrated
1962 - 50th anniversary of Girl Scouts, July 24, 1962 Burlington, Vermont
0th anniversary of Girl Scouts, July 24, 1962 Burlington, Vermont -  Images from the collection of Dr. Naomi Yavneh - Girl Scout Handbook 1916:
The Girl Scout Rose and Brownie Girl Scout Marigold developed to honor Girl Scouts Post Office issues a 4 cent commemorative Girl Scout stamp3rd Roundup for Senior Girl Scouts is held in Vermont, 10,000 people attending
1963 - Girl Scouts are divided into 4 age groups:
Brownie Girl Scouts, ages 7-9
Junior Girl Scouts, ages 9-11
Cadette Girl Scouts, ages 12-14
Senior Girl Scouts, ages 14-17
Under the new program introduced in 1963, the old Intermediate Girl Scout badges were divided into two groups to fit the interests and abilities of Junior and Cadette Girl Scouts. Junior Girl Scout badges (green borders) were aimed at exploration, rather than concentration on any given skill. Cadette Girl Scout badges (yellow borders) emphasized intensive work in particular areas of specialization.
Margaret W. Price elected President
New handbooks and leaders' guides are published
Junior program to include the Sign of the Arrow and the Sign of the Star
Our Ark is renamed Olave House
First Class was the highest award in Girl Scouting from 1963 - 1980. To receive the award, a Cadet Girl Scout had to earn several badges and meet four challenges, each of which was recognized with a pin. A challenge was a selected real-life situation designed to test a girl's ability to use knowledge and skill based on Girl Scout ideals and values
1964 - First Reader's Digest Foundation Grants are provided for Senior Girl Scout troops to do community service projects
Girl Scout handbook is published in Braille
Ryukyu Islands Girl Scout stamp was released to mark the 10th Anniversary of the Ryukyuan Girls Scouts. The Ryukyuan Girl Scouts were united with Japanese organization after return of the islands in 1972.
1965 - Brownie handbook is published in Spanish
4th Senior Roundup at Farragut, Idaho
1966 - Sangam, the fourth World Center, opens in Poona, India
1968 - Campus Girl Scouts becomes an official part of Girl Scouts
National Center West, Bighorn Mountains in Wyoming is established
1969 - Eco Action, a nationwide environmental education and improvement project is launched
Grace M. S. McKittrick MacNeil elected President
1970 - 30 millionth member of GSUSA is registered
1972 - New wording of Girl Scout Promise and Law are adopted
Eight new Cadet Challenges are introduced
1973 - Portrait of Juliette Low is bequeathed to the National Gallery in Washington, D.C.
Brownie membership is extended to 6 year olds
Brownie B's introduced
1974 - Bust of Juliette Low is placed in Georgia's Hall of Fame
1975 - Over 123 million boxes of Girl Scout cookies are sold
Gloria Randle Scott  an African American, was elected National President of the Girl Scouts
1976 - More than 150 Girl Scouts, 14-17 are delegates to the National Convention
Edith Macy National Center celebrates 50th anniversary
1977 - Worlds to Explore: Handbook for Brownie and Junior Girl Scouts is published
The Five Worlds of Interest in Girl Scouting are introduced
Junior Aide patch and Bridge to Juniors are introduced
Daisy The Opera Opens

Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

1978 - Contemporary version of Girl Scout trefoil is launched as the official emblem featuring three-profile silhouettes of girls' faces
From Dreams to Reality, a career exploration project for Cadette and Senior Girl Scouts is published
Girl Scouts prepare to celebrate the UN's 'Year of the Child'
Jane C. Shields Freeman elected President
1979 - Juliette Low is inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, NY
American Girl magazine ceases publication
1980 - The Silver Award and the Gold Award becomes the second highest and highest awards in Cadette and Senior Girl Scouts
Sign of the Rainbow, Sign of the Star, Sign of the Satellite and Bridge to Cadettes introduced into the Junior Girl Scout program
1982 - Girl Scouts celebrate 70th anniversary
Edith Macy Conference Center dedicated
April 22 is established as Girl Scout Leader Day
Lifetime memberships are offered to adults for the first time
1983 - The Juliette Gordon Low Federal Complex is opened in Savannah, Georgia. This is the second Federal building to be named after a woman.
1984 - Daisy Girl Scout age level program for 5 year olds or girls in kindergarten is launched
Delegates vote to change the wording of the Girl Scout Promise
Betty Fuller Pilsbury elected President
1985 - Contemporary issues resource, Tune Into Well-Being, Say No To Drugs introduced
1986 - Brownie Girl Scout Try-Its are introduced
Contemporary issues resource, Staying Safe, Preventing Child Abuse introduced
The Sign of the World introduced into the Junior program
1987 - Girl Scout 75th anniversary celebrated; theme, Tradition with a Future
The Post Office issues a stamp to commemorate GSUSA        
1989 - The National Historic Preservation Center opens at National Headquarters
1990 - B. LaRae Orullian elected President
1991 - Earth Education programs introduced
1992 - Pilot program began at the Maryland Correctional Institution for Women for the Girl Scouts Beyond Bars program
1993 - The Girl Scouts of the USA voted 1,560-375 to permit individuals to substitute another word or phrase for "God" in their promise
1996 - New wording for Girl Scout law is adopted
New, separate handbooks for Cadettes and Seniors are published
Elinor Johnstone Ferdon elected President
1997 - 85th anniversary of Girl Scouts
Girl Scouts from all across the United States meet on the mall in Washington, DC, to sing songs in honor of 85th anniversary
New interest project book for Cadettes and Seniors is published, stressing community service and career exploration in every badge
Girl Scouts continues to be the largest voluntary organization for girls in the world
1998 - Post Office issues a stamp honoring Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts
Over 2.5 million girls and 800,000 adult members
1999 - Thursday March 11, 1999, a new honorary troop is formed consisting of women members of Congress. The event "celebrated the fact that two-thirds of all the female members of Congress serving today are former Girl Scouts."
Connie L. Matsui elected President
2000 - Daisy Program Revised, petals introduced
Brownie Program Revised
2001 - Junior Program Revised
Bronze Award for Junior Girl Scouts introduced, the highest award for Junior Girl Scouts
Independent Girl Scout are now called "Juliettes"
Cadette/Senior uniforms change from royal blue to khaki, light blue blouse for Cadettes, navy blue blouse for Seniors
2002 - 90th Anniversary of Girl Scouts
Jackie Barnes Chief Executive Officer
Cynthia B. Thompson elected President
2003 - Kathy Cloninger Chief Executive Officer
2004 - Girl Scouts hire  Professor Willie Pietersen, from Columbia Business School, to use his expertise in business metrics "to help Girl Scouts develop a strategy to ensure our future success and growth." They used his help in setting targets and implementing ways to change the organization for the better. In addition, six "Gap Teams" looked at ways for Girl Scouting to improve their structure to prepare for future growth and success for the organization
2005 - Patricia Diaz Dennis elected President
2007 - 95th Anniversary of Girl Scouts
2008 - Connie L. Lindsey elected President
All levels were changed to have Girl Scouts as the beginning of their name, e.g. "Girl Scout Brownies" instead of "Brownie Girl Scouts", and all levels are by grade only instead of by age or grade. A new level, Girl Scout Ambassadors was created for girls in Grades 11 and 12 (around 16 to 18 years old), with Girl Scout Seniors to be only in ninth and tenth grade (around 14 to 16 years old) and grades for other levels were changed. The new levels were trialed in approximately 6 councils in Spring 2008, and began national use after 1 October 2008.

Juliette Gordon Low Video
Courtesy of Girl Scout Videos

2010 - President Barack Obama signed the "Girl Scouts of the USA Commemorative Coin Act" for the 100th Anniversary celebration. The act authorized the minting of 350,000 silver dollar coins in honor of Girl Scouts and the achievements of the 50 million women influenced by Girl Scouting during the last 100 years
2011 – 99th Anniversary of Girl Scouts. 
2012 – 100th Anniversary  was kicked off by participating in the world famous Pasadena, California Rose Parade of 2012, featuring the GSUSA 100th Anniversary float. A multi-award winning float design company donated their services to design the float, that was constructed and decorated totally by GSUSA Volunteers of all ages.
Girl Scouts Rock the Mall:100th Anniversary Sing-Along - On June 9, nearly a quarter-million girls met on the National Mall for the world's largest sing-along. Incredible performers took the stage throughout the day, leading Girl Scouts and their friends and family in new songs and old favorites. -- Image and text courtesy of  For more on the 2012 Birthday Celebration click here

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